Glossary

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Biometrics - biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable characteristics used to label and describe individuals.

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Data Breach - A personal data breach is a security incident that has affected the confidentiality, integrity or availability of personal data. It can occur in a number of ways such as:

  • being lost, destroyed, corrupted or disclosed;
  • if someone accesses the data or passes it on without authorisation; or
  • if access to the data has been restricted for example through ransomware

Device - A device can be any electronic element with some computing ability that supports the installation of firmware or third-party software.

Digital -Digital refers to electronic technology that uses discrete values, generally zero and one, to generate, store and process data
https://www.techopedia.com/definition/604/digital-definition

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Information Security - Information Security is the practice of defending information from unauthorised access, use, disclosure, modification, perusal, inspection, recording or destruction.

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Personal data - Information relating to an individual who can be identified either from that data or from that and other data.

Privacy - Privacy implies personal control over personal information.

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Risks- The combination of consequences of a threat occurring and the likelihood of it doing so.

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Sensitive personal data -  Sensitive personal data includes racial or ethnic origin; political opinions; religious beliefs; trade union affiliation; physical or mental health; sexual orientation; criminal record.

Smart device  - A smart device, as the name suggests, is an electronic gadget that is able to connect, share and interact with its user and other smart devices.

Social Engineering - the act of obtaining confidential information by manipulating and deceiving people.

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Threat - A source of potential disruption, which has the potential to cause a risk.

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Vulnerability - The property of something that results in susceptibility to at threat or a hazard, and which can result in a business disruption with a consequential detrimental outcome.

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